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Measuring delivery route cost trade-offs between electric-assist cargo bicycles and delivery trucks in dense urban areas
"Completing urban freight deliveries is increasingly a challenge in congested urban areas, particularly when delivery trucks are required to meet time windows. Depending on the route characteristics, Electric Assist (EA) cargo bicycles may serve as an economically viable alternative to delivery trucks. The purpose of this paper is to compare the delivery route cost trade-offs between box delivery trucks and EA cargo bicycles that have the same route and delivery characteristics, and to explore the question, under what conditions do EA cargo bikes perform at a lower cost than typical delivery trucks?"
"Electric-assist cargo bikes are more cost effective than delivery trucks for deliveries in close proximity to the DC (less than 2 miles for the observed delivery route with 50 parcels per stop and less than 6 miles for the hypothetical delivery route with 10 parcels per stop) and at which there is a high density of residential units and low delivery volumes per stop."
"Delivery trucks are more cost effective for greater distances from the DC and for large volume deliveries to one stop."
It is suggested that EA cargo bikes would be the most well suited for congested cities that have good bicycle infrastructure.
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