Automated Vehicles, On-Demand Mobility, and Environmental Impacts

Automated Vehicles, On-Demand Mobility, and Environmental Impacts

We review the history, current developments, projected future trends and environmental impacts of automated vehicles (AVs) and on-demand mobility, and explore potential synergies. Many automobile manufacturers and Google plan to release AVs between 2017 and 2020, with potential benefits including increased safety, more efficient road use, increased driver productivity and energy savings. Combining on-demand mobility and AVs may amplify adoption of both, and further lower energy use and GHG emissions through the use of small, efficient shared AVs.

Key findings

AVs are estimated to save the US $280 billion a year in reduced accident costs.

Car-sharing could result in a reduction of personal vehicles.

Shared autonomous vehicles could result in less pollution and GHGs.

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