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Life Cycle Assessment of Connected and Automated Vehicles: Sensing and Computing Subsystem and Vehicle Level Effects
This study explores the full life cycle impacts of connected and automated vehicles beyond just operational impacts to understand net energy and environmental performance.
"Connected and automated vehicle (CAV) subsystems could increase vehicle primary energy use and GHG emissions by 3–20% due to increases in power consumption, weight, drag, and data transmission."
When potential operational energy saving features are considered such as eco-driving, platooning, and intersection connectivity, there is a 9% net reduction in energy and GHG emissions.
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