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The influence of e-carsharing schemes on electric vehicle adoption and carbon emissions: An emerging economy study
Moving toward sustainable mobility, the sharing economy business model emerges as a prominent practice that can contribute to the transition to sustainability. Using a system dynamics modeling approach, this paper investigates the impacts of an e-carsharing scheme in carbon emissions and in electric vehicle adoption. They study the VAMO scheme located in Fortaleza, Brazil, as the first e-carsharing scheme in the country. They study two policies combined: a VAMO planned growth policy and a retirement policy for conventional vehicles.
Concerning reduction of cars, the model showed results of increasing EV fleet and reducing CVfleet with increasing VAMO fleet as technology experimentation plays a role on the learningcurveandusers can change their opinions about which technology to purchase in the future.
Carsharing can eliminate around 4.6 to 20 traditional cars on the roads per carsharing vehicle, depending on the country, region, and culture. This overall reduction in cars impacts land use, reducing the need for parking spaces in urban areas, hence opening spaces for other activities such as walking, biking, commerce and leisure.
When dealing with carsharing schemes, government can act as a regulator/legislator both with actions to improve its usability by citizens other than for parking by reducing the number of cars in the city and also arranging specific parking spots or places to install e-carsharing stations, incentivizing this mobility alternative which will reduce the number of cars, reinforcing a feedback loop
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